School of Nursing Bylaws

Date Adopted: September 2015 - Date Published: July 2019

Article I. Name, General Powers, Purposes

The name of this organization shall be the University of Minnesota School of Nursing (SoN). The SoN has three purposes: to provide education in the discipline and practice of nursing; to promote and conduct research in nursing; and to serve as a resource in the promotion of excellence in nursing to the community at large. All powers exercised by the faculty and dean of the SoN are delegated by the Board of Regents. These authorities and responsibilities are delineated in the Constitution of the SoN. These Bylaws are to be interpreted in conformity with the SoN Constitution.

A. Amendments

Bylaws of the SoN of the University of Minnesota shall be enacted or amended by a simple majority vote of the faculty. Proposed amendments of revisions may be introduced by any member of the faculty. Amendments shall be listed as an official agenda item, and shall be distributed to all members of the Faculty Assembly at least five working days before the faculty meeting. Voting on the bylaws shall take place by mail or electronic ballot no sooner than five working days after the Faculty Assembly meeting. The ballots shall be distributed by, returned to, and tallied by the designated staff support member of the Faculty Assembly. Results will be reported to the membership within 48 hours following the vote.

Article II. Faculty Assembly

A. Authority and responsibility

  1. The Faculty Assembly shall have general legislative authority over policies related to research, curriculum and degree requirements, academic personnel allocation, and faculty welfare in the SoN. The authority of the Faculty Assembly shall include, but not be limited to, primary responsibility for educational and research policies, providing advice to the dean concerning the SoN’s budget, accreditation, designation and granting of honors, and policies concerning faculty appointment.
  2. The Faculty Assembly may delegate authority and responsibility to SoN standing committees as described in the bylaws that are formed to align with the major responsibilities of faculty as described by the University of Minnesota described above.
  3. Only those members of the Faculty Assembly who hold probationary or tenured faculty appointments may vote on changes to the Nursing 7.12 statement.

B.  Membership

  1. The Faculty Assembly of the SoN shall be composed of all voting and non-voting faculty members.
  2. Voting members shall be defined as Voting Faculty (VF) and shall include: (1) regular faculty (those tenured or on the tenure track) and, (2) clinical faculty who have full-time appointments. Exceptions to extend voting privileges shall be determined by a majority vote of the Faculty Assembly.
  3. Non-voting faculty (NVF) shall be those appointed to the clinical faculty who hold part-time appointments (<67%); NVF may attend and participate in Faculty Assembly, including having floor privileges, but may not vote.

C. Officers

  1. Officers shall include the chair and chair-elect, both of whom shall be voting members of the Faculty Assembly. The position of chair shall rotate annually between members of the clinical faculty at the rank of associate professor and above and members of the regular faculty at the rank of associate professor or above.
  2. The chair shall be elected by a simple majority vote of the Faculty Assembly and shall serve a term of one year as chair and one year as past chair to support the new chair in the second year.
  3. The chair-elect shall be elected by a simple majority vote of the Faculty Assembly and shall serve one year as chair-elect/faculty secretary and shall then serve in the second year as chair.
  4. Officers are members of the Faculty Leadership Council (FLC).

D. Operating procedures of the faculty assembly

  1. Meetings
    1. Regular meetings shall be held at least twice each semester. The final meeting in the spring semester shall be the annual meeting at which committee reports shall be received from standing committees, elections will be conducted as specified under operating procedures, and future directions will be considered.
    2. A simple majority of the Faculty Assembly voting membership shall constitute a quorum for Faculty Assembly meetings.
    3. In the presence of a quorum, a simple majority of faculty present and voting shall constitute a definitive vote unless otherwise specified in the Constitution or these Bylaws.
    4. Agendas shall be prepared by the FLC. For regular meetings, agendas including action item materials shall be distributed one week in advance of meetings. Individual members of the Faculty Assembly as well as committees may submit agenda items to the chair of the FLC or the chair of Faculty Assembly.
    5. The agenda and minutes of Faculty Assembly shall be recorded and distributed by the Chair-elect/Faculty Secretary who is a member of the FLC.
  2. Special faculty meetings
    1. Special faculty meetings without administrators present can be called by a petition of any ten voting members of the Faculty Assembly or by a majority vote of the FLC. Administrators are defined as anyone who is a member of the SoN Executive Council, including the dean, associate and assistant deans, co-operative unit chairs and the chief administrative officer. Such meetings shall require a two working day notice.  The chair of the Faculty Assembly will preside. Special meetings shall deal only with the specific concerns for which they are called. In case the Faculty Assembly chair is also a cooperative unit chair, FLC shall appoint a chair for the special meeting.
    2. As described in the SoN Constitution, a special meeting of the Faculty Assembly may be called to send forward an advisory vote of no-confidence in the dean to the Executive Vice President and Provost, following a majority vote of all faculty present at the special meeting.
    3. For special meetings, the announcements and the agendas shall be distributed one day in advance of the meeting.
  3. Election of officers and representatives of the SoN
    1. At the final meeting of the Faculty Assembly in spring, a slate of candidates will be presented to fill the following positions:
      • Chair and chair-elect/faculty secretary of Faculty Assembly (one from the tenured faculty and one from the clinical faculty to rotate annually between tenured and clinical); both will be on FLC and will represent their respective groups
      • SoN representatives to the University of Minnesota Faculty Senate (if needed)
      • SoN representative to the Academic Health Center Faculty Consultative Committee (if needed)
      • Two tenured faculty members of the FLC; both must be at the rank of professor, unless the chair or chair-elect is a professor (as needed); the third tenured member is the chair or chair-elect of Faculty Assembly
      • Two clinical faculty members of the FLC; both at the rank of associate clinical professor or above (as needed); the third clinical faculty member is the chair or chair-elect of Faculty Assembly

Article III: Standing Committees

Standing Committees in the SoN have authority delegated by the Faculty Assembly for faculty responsibilities as defined by the University of Minnesota to include, but not be limited to, policy recommendations related to research, curriculum and degree requirements, academic personnel allocation, faculty welfare, and to advise the dean concerning the SoN’s budget. Standing committees are accountable to the Faculty Assembly for these responsibilities and for making recommendations to the dean based on their areas of responsibility. Members of standing committees of the Faculty Assembly shall serve for terms of three years, staggered across members, unless otherwise specified in the bylaws. FLC shall compile a list of all committee meetings, both frequency and duration, for the following year and communicate this to the dean’s office by May 15 each year.

A. Faculty Leadership Council

The FLC shall represent the faculty and all constituents in the SoN and shall serve as the consulting body to the dean and as the executive committee of the Faculty Assembly.

  1. Membership

    Members of the FLC shall be elected by the Faculty Assembly and shall serve two-year terms according to procedures outlined in the Bylaws.  The following faculty will comprise membership:

    1. At least (3) three voting members of Faculty Assembly who are tenured faculty, with at least (2) two at the rank of professor. One shall be the elected chair or vice chair of Faculty Assembly.
    2. At least three voting members of Faculty Assembly who are clinical faculty at the rank of clinical associate professor or above. One shall be the elected chair or vice chair of Faculty Assembly.
    3. The chair-elect shall also serve as the faculty secretary who will be responsible for recording and distribution of the minutes of the Faculty Assembly and of the FLC for approval.
    4. The chairs of each of the standing committees as defined in the bylaws.
    5. At least one faculty senator who represents the SoN on the University Faculty Senate and who is a voting member of the Faculty Assembly.
    6. The SoN representative to the Academic Health Center Faculty Consultative Committee.
  2. Officers
    1. There shall be a chair and vice-chair of the FLC. The chair and vice-chair of the FLC shall not serve simultaneously as the chair or chair elect of Faculty Assembly.
    2. The chair shall be elected by a simple majority vote of the FLC and shall serve a term of one year.
    3. The vice-chair shall be elected by a simple majority vote of the FLC and shall serve a term of one year.

    Duties and responsibilities

    Consultative

    1. To discuss with the dean issues or policies of the School of concern to the faculty and, as appropriate, to make recommendations concerning such matters to the Faculty Assembly.
    2. To request studies from the dean or from committees of the Faculty Assembly.
    3. To consult with the dean on planning, and on the annual budget and the biennial request.
    4. To advise the dean on procedures for making major administrative appointments.
    5. To receive from any faculty member notification of concerns which may require consultation with the dean.
    6. To consult with the dean as requested by the chair of the FCC or at the request of the dean who shall ask to be placed on the agenda for that meeting.

    Steering

    1. To establish, appoint members and direct all standing committees of the Faculty Assembly, which includes the authority to require that any committee of the Faculty Assembly report on any matter within its jurisdiction within 30 days.
    2. To receive recommendations of any faculty member who wishes to present a proposal to the Faculty Assembly and to refer or act upon such recommendations as it deems appropriate.
    3. To route to the appropriate body all documents, proposals, or papers on any matter pertaining to the affairs of the Faculty Assembly.
    4. To serve as a coordinating body between the dean and the Faculty Assembly or a committee of the Faculty Assembly.
    5. To be responsible for the review, approval, and distribution of the agenda for each meeting of the Faculty Assembly.
    6. To recommend, with the approval of the Faculty Assembly, such rules of procedure as are not provided in the Constitution or Bylaws.
    7. To evaluate the published Constitution, Bylaws, and Rules of the Faculty Assembly every five years.

    Executive

    1. To serve as a deliberative body of the Faculty Assembly on all major items it deems necessary and appropriate.
    2. To act on behalf of the Faculty Assembly when a decision is required prior to the next scheduled meeting of the Faculty Assembly and when a decision is required when it would not be possible to convene a special meeting of the Faculty Assembly in a timely fashion; such actions will be reported to the Faculty Assembly at its next meeting and the Faculty Assembly may then overrule the FLC. To report regularly on any matters which, in its judgment, should be brought to the attention of the Faculty Assembly.
    3. To approve editorial changes in existing administrative policies previously approved by the Faculty Assembly and in the constitution and bylaws. To correct grammatical and punctuation errors and to approve other non-substantive technical amendments in existing administrative policies previously approved by the Faculty Assembly, including the constitution, bylaws, and rules; such actions will be reported to the Faculty Assembly at its next meeting. The Faculty Assembly may then overrule the FLC.

B. Educational policy and curriculum committee (epcc)

The EPCC shall serve as a body concerned with all matters that influence the quality and integrity of academic programs offered within the SoN, including program and course development, implementation and evaluation, and to advance recommendations to the Faculty Assembly for adoption of any policy related to the development and evaluation of programs as well as to populations to be served by those programs in the SoN. Members represent cross-sectional knowledge and experience across all academic programs. The majority of members are regular faculty.

  1. Membership
    1. Voting members will include:
      • (2) two faculty members who are tenured.
      • (1) one faculty member who is tenure-track
      • (2) two clinical faculty who are voting members of the Faculty Assembly
      • Membership will specifically include faculty from the BSN, MN, DNP and PhD Councils. At least one (1) DNP faculty must be a practicing nurse practitioner.
    2. Ex-officio/non-voting members to include:
      • The associate dean for academic programs
      • The director of graduate studies
      • The director of the Doctor of Philosophy program
      • The director of the Doctor of Nursing Practice program
      • The director of the pre-licensure programs
      • The co-director of the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program
      • The staff counselor/advisor for the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program
      • Student representatives from each of the four academic programs.
      • The Director of Continuing Professional Development.
  2. Officers
    1. The chair shall be elected annually by the voting members of the committee and shall hold a tenured faculty appointment.
  3. Authority and responsibility
    1. Serve as a deliberative and coordinating body in matters pertaining to curricular development and future planning related to all academic programs within the SoN.
    2. Formulate and submit recommendations to the Faculty Assembly regarding approval or modification of academic program objectives, based on the school’s philosophy, missions and future directions.
    3. Receive recommendation for course approval from the PhD, DNP, BSN and MN Councils, and coordinate curriculum development activities to accomplish the teaching mission of the school in a manner that promotes creativity in guiding the present functions and future direction if the curricula of the SoN.
    4. Establish curricular subcommittees, as appropriate, from the committee’s membership and beyond, and assess progress and products of such subcommittees for consistency and continuity with an overall curricular plan. At least one member of a subcommittee must be a member of the Curriculum Committee.
    5. Recommend to Faculty Assembly position and policy statements regarding initiation and/or discontinuance of programs, criteria and mechanisms for articulation of academic programs, changes in general direction, areas of emphasis and/or philosophical base of academic programs.
    6. Develop and recommend criteria, scope and procedures for evaluation of the school’s academic programs based on aggregate data related to program outcomes and to communicate these to PhD, DNP, MN and BSN Councils.
    7. Make policy recommendations to the Faculty Assembly, based on results of evaluative activities.
    8. Make recommendations to administration regarding resources needed to carry out current and projected academic programs.

C. Faculty appointment, promotion, tenure and evaluation committee (faptec)

The Faculty Appointment, Promotion, Tenure, and Evaluation Committee carries out the authorities and responsibilities set forth in the Tenure Code of the University and all associated university policies related to faculty appointment, promotion, tenure and evaluation. Implements continuation, promotion, tenure, and post-tenure reviews of regular and clinical faculty, within the framework established by the Tenure Code, University Tenure and Promotion Procedures and the SoN 7.12 Statement and the policies and procedures established by the SoN for clinical faculty appointment, promotion and evaluation. There are three subcommittees of FAPTEC: The Regular Faculty subcommittee, the Clinical Faculty subcommittee and the Merit Review subcommittee that conducts annual performance reviews of all faculty through established merit review processes and procedures.

  1. Membership
    1. Voting members will include:
      • A minimum of (5) five tenured faculty with at least (4) four at the rank of professor.
      • A minimum of (1) one tenure-track faculty.
      • (4) Four clinical faculty who are voting members of Faculty Assembly with (1) one assistant, (2) two associate, and (1) one at professor rank.
      • Clinical faculty are not eligible to participate in discussions or vote on tenure-track promotion or tenure decisions.
    2. Committee membership shall be augmented annually to include all faculty eligible for actions related to discussions and votes for promotion and tenure as set forth in the Tenure Code of the University.
    3. Committee membership shall be augmented annually to include all clinical faculty at associate and professor rank for discussion and voting for clinical faculty promotions.
    4. Faculty appointed as associate and assistant deans and cooperative unit chairs are not eligible for committee membership.
  2. Officers
    1. The chair shall be a tenured professor and shall be elected annually from the committee membership.
  3. Terms of Service
    1. Tenured and tenure-track faculty members of FAPTEC shall be elected by regular faculty for staggered three-year terms. Voting will occur at the annual meeting of the faculty assembly.
    2. Clinical faculty members of FAPTEC shall be elected by clinical faculty voting members of Faculty Assembly for staggered three-year terms. Voting will occur at the annual meeting of the faculty assembly.
  4. Authority and responsibility
    1. FAPTEC committee of the whole
      • Consult with the dean and administrators on matters related to implementation of procedures for probationary continuation, tenure, promotion, post-tenure, and clinical faculty review
      • Implement the promotion review procedure for clinical One of the elected clinical full professors shall chair the Clinical Faculty Review and Promotion processes.
      • Periodically review criteria, standards, and procedures related to adjunct and affiliate and clinical faculty appointments, and make recommendations for change to the faculty.
      • Receive recommendations from the Merit subcommittee for changes in criteria, standards, and procedures for faculty merit review and forward such recommendations to Faculty Assembly and to the dean.
      • Receive recommendations each semester from faculty in each cooperative for appointment of candidates for adjunct faculty, review and make recommendations of appointments to the dean.
    2. Regular faculty subcommittee
      • Periodically review criteria, standards, and procedures for all faculty appointments and promotions, for tenure and post-tenure review of regular faculty, and make recommendations for changes to the Faculty Assembly.
      • Carry out the authority and responsibilities set forth in the Tenure Code of the University and all associated university Implement continuation, promotion, tenure, and post-tenure reviews of regular faculty within the framework established by the Tenure Code, University Tenure and Promotion Procedures, and the SoN 7.12 Statement.
      • Report to the FLC and Faculty Assembly regarding all matters related to promotion and/or tenure, including post-tenure review.
    3. Clinical faculty subcommittee
      • Carry out the authority and responsibilities set forth in the SoN Policies and Procedures for clinical faculty appointment, promotion, and evaluation.
      • Implement the promotion review procedure for clinical One of the elected clinical full professors shall chair the Clinical Faculty Subcommittee and oversee the review and promotion processes.
      • Periodically review criteria, standards, and procedures for all clinical faculty appointments and promotions, and make recommendations for changes to the Faculty Assembly.
      • Report to the FLC and Faculty Assembly regarding all matters related to appointment and promotion.
    4. Merit subcommittee

      Conduct annual faculty merit reviews, following SoN criteria and policy and procedures and in accord with University procedure.

      • Membership (to be appointed by FAPTEC)
        • One regular faculty from FAPTEC
        • One clinical faculty from FAPTEC
        • Augment members to represent all ranks of regular and clinical faculty as needed
      • Authority and Responsibility
        • Conduct annual performance reviews of faculty for merit
        • Submit summary of recommendations for faculty merit to the dean
        • Review and submit recommendations for improving the merit criteria and review process to FAPTEC.
      • Meetings
        • The Merit Subcommittee meeting frequency and duration shall be determined annually.

    D. Graduate admissions and progressions committee

    The Graduate Admissions and Progressions Committee is responsible for formulating and implementing the use of criteria and standards for graduate student admission and progression in accordance with SoN and University of Minnesota policies and regulations, and for making related policy recommendations to Faculty Assembly.

    1. Membership
      1. Voting members will include:
        • At least (6) six voting members of the Faculty Assembly who have responsibilities for teaching in the graduate programs of the SoN, including (3) three tenured/tenure-track faculty, two of whom must be tenured, and (3) three clinical faculty, one of whom must be a nurse practitioner.
        • The director of graduate studies
        • The director of the PhD program
        • The director of the Master of Nursing program
        • The director of the Doctor of Nursing Practice program
      2. Ex-officio/non-voting members to include:
        • The associate dean for academic programs.
        • The graduate enrollment specialist(s)
        • The graduate academic advisor(s)
      3. The chair shall be elected annually by the voting members of the committee and shall hold a tenured faculty appointment.
    2. Authority and responsibility
      1. Review, formulate, and implement policies that specify criteria and standards for student admission and progression in graduate programs in the SoN.
      2. Review of applications to the MN, DNP, PhD programs, and post-graduate certificate programs.
      3. Make final admissions decisions for applicants to the MN, DNP, PhD and post-graduate certificate programs.
      4. Periodically review and update policies for graduate student admission and progression.
      5. Develop and implement procedures for graduate admissions and progression, based on review of historical data and trends.
      6. Recommend policies related to graduate admission and progression to Faculty Assembly.

E. Research committee

The Research Committee is responsible for recommending to Faculty Assembly policies as it deems necessary and appropriate with respect to research activities at the SoN. All members shall have experience participating in funded research.

  1. Membership
    1. Voting members will include:
      • (4) Four tenured/tenure-track faculty members, at least (2) two of whom shall be currently funded or have a recent history of research funding from the National Institutes of Health or other comparable entities.
      • (1) One clinical faculty (doctorally prepared) with research experience.
      • (1) One PhD graduate student or post-doctoral fellow in a research program.
      • (1) One representative from UMMC/UMMCH, Fairview.
    2. Non-voting members to include:
      • The associate dean for research
    3. The chair shall be elected annually by the voting members and shall hold a tenured faculty appointment.
  2. Authority and responsibility
    1. Recommend to the Faculty Assembly and SoN administration such policy as it deems necessary and appropriate with respect to research activities of faculty and students.
    2. Recommend and participate in nursing research initiatives for the school that are responsive to societal needs and reflective of professional and scientific priorities from local to global.
    3. Recommend resources needed to nurture and facilitate faculty and student research throughout the research process (including human resources, time, space, and support for fiscal management from project inception to dissemination and utilization of findings).
    4. Review and advise Strategic Communications on ways to promote visibility of research conducted at the school.
    5. Participate in the development of and advise the school’s administration on research goals, policies, and funding including the compact process, strategic planning and internal grant funding.
    6. Participate in ongoing evaluation of the school’s progress toward achieving research goals and priorities.
    7. Facilitate research collaboration within the school, university, clinical institutions, and the community from local to global.
    8. Recommend, review and support the development of programs and activities (e.g., Research Day, seminars, workshops, T32 proposals and grant proposals) whose submissions may be limited to a department, school, university, etc. These activities are aimed to facilitate the strategic use or development of research expertise as well as the dissemination of research findings in collaboration with the associate dean for research.

F. Undergraduate student scholastic standing committee (usss)

The Undergraduate Student Scholastic Standing Committee (USSS) is responsible for formulating and implementing criteria for undergraduate student admission and progression in accordance with SoN and University of Minnesota policies and regulations.

  1. Membership
    1. Voting members will include:
      • At least (5) five voting members of the Faculty Assembly, including (2) two tenured/tenure-track faculty and (3) three clinical faculty. At least one of the members shall be located at the Rochester campus.
      • A majority of the members shall have at least three years of teaching experience in a baccalaureate nursing program and shall be currently teaching in the baccalaureate program.
      • The co-director of the BSN program.
    2. Ex-officio/non-voting members to include:
      • The director of the pre-licensure programs
      • The director of the Office of Student & Career Advancement Services
      • The academic advisor of the Bachelors of Science in Nursing program.
    3. The chair shall be elected annually by the voting members of the committee and shall hold a tenured or clinical faculty appointment at the rank of associate professor or above.
  2. Authority and Responsibility
    1. Formulate and implement criteria for undergraduate student admission and progression in accordance with SoN and university policies and regulations.
    2. Review, propose, implement and evaluate policies and procedures for admission to the SoN baccalaureate program.
    3. Review, propose, implement and evaluate policies and procedures regarding progression of SoN baccalaureate students.

G. Finance and planning committee

The Finance and Planning Committee serves as a resource to the Faculty Assembly and advises the dean on major issues of planning, budget, resource allocation policy, faculty salary compensation, and SoN operations. 

  1. Membership

    The (4) four faculty members of the Finance and Planning Committee are appointed by the FLC and hold staggered three year terms.  The following faculty will comprise membership:

    1. Voting members will include:
      • (1) One regular faculty at the rank of full professor
      • (1) One regular faculty at the rank of associate professor or higher
      • (2) Two clinical faculty at the rank of associate professor or higher.
    2. Ex-officio/non-voting members will include:
      • The SoN chief administrative officer (CAO) serves as an ex-officio, non-voting member.
  2. Officers
    1. The Chair shall hold a tenured faculty appointment and will serve on the FLC.
  3. Authority and responsibilities
    1. To consult with and advise the dean or designee on planning, and in particular on financial and operational planning.
    2. To consult with and advise the dean or designee on the development of the annual compact, annual compensation plan, supplemental budget requests, and the annual budget.
    3. To receive a written budget report annually from the dean or designee.
    4. To periodically review and consult with the dean or designee on physical facility allocation principles and planning.
    5. To consult with the dean or designee on the financial and operational aspects of all major proposals and policy initiatives.
    6. To consult with the dean or designee on the periodic review of School operations.
    7. To recommend to the Faculty Assembly such actions or policies related to finance and planning as it deems appropriate.
    8. To take up other matters related to finance and planning as shall be referred by an individual faculty member and/or other SoN committee.
    9. To appoint subcommittees to deal with issues related to financial and operational planning.
    10. To report regularly (once per semester or as requested or deemed necessary) to the Faculty Assembly regarding the committee’s role in financial and operational planning and related policies.

Article IV: Structural Committees

There may exist committees comprising faculty, students, civil service, bargaining unit, and professional and administrative staff, to advise and make recommendations to the SoN administration on matters of interest to their constituencies. 

  1. These committees shall be governed by their own rules and procedures.
  2. These committees shall have the option to formulate and propose changes to the SoN Bylaws for areas germane to their activities. These proposals must follow the process defined in the SoN Constitution: Article I.

Addendum/History of Bylaws Updates and Revisions

Approved by General Assembly April 15, 1991 Amended: November 18, 1991 (Art. V, Sec. A,2.c.4)

Amended: May 28, 1992 (Art. V, Sec. A.2.b.1; Art. V, Sec. A.2.b.3; Art. V, Sec. A.2.b.4;

Art. V, Sec. A.2.b.5; Art. VI, [new] Sec. E [old Sec. E becomes F & Sec. F becomes G])

Amended: June 11, 1993 (Art. VI, Sec. A,1)

Amended: June 6, 1994 (Art. III, Sec. A.1: Addition of “Definitions”)

Amended: March 8, 1995 (Art. III, Sec. A, add 7)

Amended: May 12, 1995 (Art. IV, B.: Delete 1 & 2 & replaced by single paragraph)

Amended: June 23, 1995 (Art. IV, add new Section E)

Amended: April 17, 1996 (Art. VI, revised Section F)

Amended: February 25, 1999 (Art.VI, Sec. A, B, C, D, F.1, F.2)

Amended: May 20, 1999 (Art.V, Sec. A.1, 2)

Amended: December 29, 1999 (Art. VI, Sec. D, 1, c)

Amended: December 7, 2001 (Art. V, Sec. A, 1, b)

Amended: June 4, 2002 (Art.VI, Sec. A, 1, e)

Amended: June 6, 2002 (Art. VI, Sec. B. 1., d. e. f. g.)

Amended: June 4, 2003 (Art. II, revised Section B; Art. III, revised Section A; Art. IV, revised Sections D & E; Art. V revised Section A; Art. VI revised Sections A, B, C, D, E, & G)

Amended: March 16, 2005 (Art.VI, Sec A; 1.a., b.; Sec A. 2. g.) Amended: June 12, 2006

Amended: June 4, 2008 (Art. II, Sec A1, A5-8; Art III Sec B3; Art. IV Sec. A1-2; Art. IV Sec.B5-7; Art. V Sec. A2b; Art. V Sec C. 1a; Sec C. 2 a-e; Sec D Deleted; Art. VI Sec. A 1ai-v, bii, c; Art. VII Sec. A 1ai, ii, v, vi, bii, 2d, g, h; Art. VII Sec. B 1ai, bi, ii, iv, v, vi; Art.VII Sec. C 2a-g; Art. Vii Sec. D 1aii, bi-ii; Art. Vii Sec E.1 1ai, bi-iv; Art. VII Sec. E.2 1ai, iii, iv, bi-ii, 2 a, aii, aiii, d; Art. Vii Sec F. ai-viii, 2a-e; Art. VII Sec. B 2)

Amended: May 1, 2009 (Art. VII, Section C; 2.h, i)

Amended: October 30, 2009 (Art. VII, Section E.1 Ai, Bi-iii)

Amended: April 23, 2010 (Article V Sec. D; added sec. E, F)

Amended: May 31, 2012 (Art II Sec A; Art IV Sec A, B; Art V Sec A, new Sec B, rev Sec E, F, G, H; Art VI Sec A, New Sec B; Art VII Sec A, B, C, E, F1, F2, G)

Amended: December 17, 2012 (Article VII Sec E; increased members to 5)

Amended: 11/18/91, 5/28/92, 6/11/93, 3/08/95, 5/12/95, 6/23/95, 4/17/96, 2/25/99, 12/29/99, 12/07/01, 6/04/02, 6/06/02, 6/12/06, 6/04/08, 10/30/09, 4/23/10, 5/3/2012, 12/17/2012

Complete revision of Bylaws 9-10-2015